Variable Glyceryl Dinitrate Formation Following Infusions of Glyceryl Trinitrate at Different Vascular Sites in the Rat

Emi Nakashima, David T.W. Lau, Leslie Z. Benet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


The availability of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) and the differential formation of dinitrate metabolites (GDNs) in various organs as a function of routes of administration were investigated in the rat. GTN was infused at 2.0 µg/min via the left femoral vein (LFV), left external jugular vein (LJV), left femoral artery (LFA), and hepatic portal vein (HPV). Blood concentrations of GTN and GDNs were measured in femoral arterial samples. Different infusions yielded GTN steady-state concentrations in the following rank order: LJV ≥ LFV > LFA ≥ HPV. Furthermore, the GDN formation ratios (1,2-GDN/1,3-GDN) are different: LFV ≥ LJV > LFA > HPV. The availabilities of GTN through the leg, vein, and liver were derived. GTN is significantly extracted and metabolized in these organs, and the leg and the vein prefer 1,2-GDN formation, while the liver forms 1,3-GDN predominantly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)877-882
Number of pages6
JournalPharmaceutical Research: An Official Journal of the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Jul



  • clearance
  • glyceryl
  • metabolism
  • nitrate
  • nitroglycerin
  • uptake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this