Velocity measurement of sub-millimeter-scale gas flow by spark tracing method

Mitsuhisa Ichiyanagi, Yoshiyuki Koyama, Yohei Sato, Koichi Hishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A molecular tagging technique using the spark tracing method has been applied to measure velocity distributions in sub-millimeter-scale gas flows, formed as air jet flows through a sub-millimeter channel. Spark lines are generated by air ionization when applying high voltage due to the electrical discharge phenomena. The velocities measured using the displacement of spark lines were 10-30% smaller than those using the theoretical equation in a rectangular channel. In order to identify the cause of the measurement error, the relationship between the ionized air regions and the gas flow velocities was investigated by numerical simulation. The simulation revealed that a spark line goes through the pathway with the minimum electric resistance, and that the velocities from the theoretical equation agreed with the spark line velocities when the spark line width is assumed to be zero. Using this result, we propose a new velocity correction technique using the relationship between the spark line width and the measured velocity. The velocities from the experiments with the suggested correction agreed well with those from the theoretical equation. Furthermore, the corrected spark tracing method was applied to a mixing air jet flow field with different temperatures through two channels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-532
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Thermal Science and Technology
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

tracing
sparks
Electric sparks
velocity measurement
Velocity measurement
gas flow
Flow of gases
air jets
jet flow
Air
Linewidth
air
Velocity distribution
Measurement errors
Flow velocity
marking
Ionization
high voltages
Flow fields
flow distribution

Keywords

  • Flow visualization
  • Gas flow
  • Microchannel
  • Spark tracing method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Velocity measurement of sub-millimeter-scale gas flow by spark tracing method. / Ichiyanagi, Mitsuhisa; Koyama, Yoshiyuki; Sato, Yohei; Hishida, Koichi.

In: Journal of Thermal Science and Technology, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2013, p. 517-532.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ichiyanagi, Mitsuhisa ; Koyama, Yoshiyuki ; Sato, Yohei ; Hishida, Koichi. / Velocity measurement of sub-millimeter-scale gas flow by spark tracing method. In: Journal of Thermal Science and Technology. 2013 ; Vol. 8, No. 3. pp. 517-532.
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