Visual search strategies of baseball batters: Eye movements during the preparatory phase of batting

Takaaki Kato, Tadahiko Fukuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze visual search strategies of base-ball batters during the viewing period of the pitcher's motion. The 18 subjects were 9 experts and 9 novices. While subjects viewed a videotape which, from a right-handed batter's perspective, showed a pitcher throwing a series of 10 types of pitches, their eye movements were measured and analyzed. Novices moved their eyes faster than experts, and the distribution area of viewing points was also wider than that of the experts. The viewing duration of experts of the pitching arm was longer than those of novices during the last two pitching phases. These results indicate that experts set their visual pivot on the pitcher's elbow and used peripheral vision properties to evaluate the pitcher's motion and the ball trajectory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-386
Number of pages7
JournalPerceptual and Motor Skills
Volume94
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Apr

Fingerprint

Baseball
Eye Movements
Videotape Recording
Elbow
Arm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Visual search strategies of baseball batters : Eye movements during the preparatory phase of batting. / Kato, Takaaki; Fukuda, Tadahiko.

In: Perceptual and Motor Skills, Vol. 94, No. 2, 04.2002, p. 380-386.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{744c7d43731445ac8b9d6e0d2fd0aa1b,
title = "Visual search strategies of baseball batters: Eye movements during the preparatory phase of batting",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to analyze visual search strategies of base-ball batters during the viewing period of the pitcher's motion. The 18 subjects were 9 experts and 9 novices. While subjects viewed a videotape which, from a right-handed batter's perspective, showed a pitcher throwing a series of 10 types of pitches, their eye movements were measured and analyzed. Novices moved their eyes faster than experts, and the distribution area of viewing points was also wider than that of the experts. The viewing duration of experts of the pitching arm was longer than those of novices during the last two pitching phases. These results indicate that experts set their visual pivot on the pitcher's elbow and used peripheral vision properties to evaluate the pitcher's motion and the ball trajectory.",
author = "Takaaki Kato and Tadahiko Fukuda",
year = "2002",
month = "4",
language = "English",
volume = "94",
pages = "380--386",
journal = "Perceptual and Motor Skills",
issn = "0031-5125",
publisher = "Ammons Scientific Ltd",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Visual search strategies of baseball batters

T2 - Eye movements during the preparatory phase of batting

AU - Kato, Takaaki

AU - Fukuda, Tadahiko

PY - 2002/4

Y1 - 2002/4

N2 - The aim of this study was to analyze visual search strategies of base-ball batters during the viewing period of the pitcher's motion. The 18 subjects were 9 experts and 9 novices. While subjects viewed a videotape which, from a right-handed batter's perspective, showed a pitcher throwing a series of 10 types of pitches, their eye movements were measured and analyzed. Novices moved their eyes faster than experts, and the distribution area of viewing points was also wider than that of the experts. The viewing duration of experts of the pitching arm was longer than those of novices during the last two pitching phases. These results indicate that experts set their visual pivot on the pitcher's elbow and used peripheral vision properties to evaluate the pitcher's motion and the ball trajectory.

AB - The aim of this study was to analyze visual search strategies of base-ball batters during the viewing period of the pitcher's motion. The 18 subjects were 9 experts and 9 novices. While subjects viewed a videotape which, from a right-handed batter's perspective, showed a pitcher throwing a series of 10 types of pitches, their eye movements were measured and analyzed. Novices moved their eyes faster than experts, and the distribution area of viewing points was also wider than that of the experts. The viewing duration of experts of the pitching arm was longer than those of novices during the last two pitching phases. These results indicate that experts set their visual pivot on the pitcher's elbow and used peripheral vision properties to evaluate the pitcher's motion and the ball trajectory.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036549765&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036549765&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 12027326

AN - SCOPUS:0036549765

VL - 94

SP - 380

EP - 386

JO - Perceptual and Motor Skills

JF - Perceptual and Motor Skills

SN - 0031-5125

IS - 2

ER -