Vitamin D and energy homeostasis - Of mice and men

Roger Bouillon, Geert Carmeliet, Liesbet Lieben, Mitsuhiro Watanabe, Alessia Perino, Johan Auwerx, Kristina Schoonjans, Annemieke Verstuyf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The vitamin D endocrine system has many extraskeletal targets, including adipose tissue. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D 3, the active form of vitamin D, not only increases adipogenesis and the expression of typical adipocyte genes but also decreases the expression of uncoupling proteins. Mice with disrupted vitamin D action - owing to gene deletion of the nuclear receptor vitamin D receptor (Vdr) or the gene encoding 1α-hydroxylase (Cyp27b1) - lose fat mass over time owing to an increase in energy expenditure, whereas mice with increased Vdr-mediated signalling in adipose tissue become obese. The resistance to diet-induced obesity in mice with disrupted Vdr signalling is caused at least partially by increased expression of uncoupling proteins in white adipose tissue. However, the bile acid pool is also increased in these animals, and bile acids are known to be potent inducers of energy expenditure through activation of several nuclear receptors, including Vdr, and G-protein-coupled receptors, such as GPBAR1 (also known as TGR5). By contrast, in humans, obesity is strongly associated with poor vitamin D status. A causal link has not been firmly proven, but most intervention studies have failed to demonstrate a beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation on body weight. The reasons for the major discrepancy between mouse and human data are unclear, but understanding the link between vitamin D status and energy homeostasis could potentially be very important for the human epidemic of obesity and the metabolic syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-87
Number of pages9
JournalNature Reviews Endocrinology
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb

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Vitamin D
Calcitriol Receptors
Homeostasis
Obesity
Cytoplasmic and Nuclear Receptors
Bile Acids and Salts
Energy Metabolism
Adipose Tissue
Adipogenesis
White Adipose Tissue
Endocrine System
Riboflavin
Gene Deletion
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Mixed Function Oxygenases
Adipocytes
Genes
Fats
Body Weight
Diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Bouillon, R., Carmeliet, G., Lieben, L., Watanabe, M., Perino, A., Auwerx, J., ... Verstuyf, A. (2014). Vitamin D and energy homeostasis - Of mice and men. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 10(2), 79-87. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrendo.2013.226

Vitamin D and energy homeostasis - Of mice and men. / Bouillon, Roger; Carmeliet, Geert; Lieben, Liesbet; Watanabe, Mitsuhiro; Perino, Alessia; Auwerx, Johan; Schoonjans, Kristina; Verstuyf, Annemieke.

In: Nature Reviews Endocrinology, Vol. 10, No. 2, 02.2014, p. 79-87.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bouillon, R, Carmeliet, G, Lieben, L, Watanabe, M, Perino, A, Auwerx, J, Schoonjans, K & Verstuyf, A 2014, 'Vitamin D and energy homeostasis - Of mice and men', Nature Reviews Endocrinology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 79-87. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrendo.2013.226
Bouillon R, Carmeliet G, Lieben L, Watanabe M, Perino A, Auwerx J et al. Vitamin D and energy homeostasis - Of mice and men. Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 2014 Feb;10(2):79-87. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrendo.2013.226
Bouillon, Roger ; Carmeliet, Geert ; Lieben, Liesbet ; Watanabe, Mitsuhiro ; Perino, Alessia ; Auwerx, Johan ; Schoonjans, Kristina ; Verstuyf, Annemieke. / Vitamin D and energy homeostasis - Of mice and men. In: Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 2014 ; Vol. 10, No. 2. pp. 79-87.
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