Week 2 Symptomatic Response with Vedolizumab as a Predictive Factor in Japanese Anti-TNFα-Naive Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: A post hoc Analysis of a Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Phase 3 Trial

Masakazu Nagahori, Kenji Watanabe, Satoshi Motoya, Haruhiko Ogata, Takanori Kanai, Toshiyuki Matsui, Yasuo Suzuki, Philippe Pinton, Lyann Ursos, Shigeru Sakamoto, Mitsuhiro Shikamura, Tetsuharu Hori, Jovelle Fernandez, Toshifumi Hibi, Mamoru Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aim: To evaluate the onset of symptomatic response with vedolizumab in patients with moderate-to-severe ulcerative colitis in Japan. Methods: Patients were randomized to receive vedolizumab 300 mg or placebo at Weeks 0, 2, and 6. Mayo subscores were analyzed in patients with baseline stool frequency (SF) ≥1 and rectal bleeding (RB) ≥1. In patients with baseline SF ≥2 and RB ≥1, the proportion who achieved SF ≤1 and RB = 0 was determined. Results: Patients were randomized to vedolizumab (n = 164) or placebo (n = 82). Decrease from baseline in mean SF subscore was greater with vedolizumab versus placebo from Week 2 (-6.6%; 95% confidence interval [CI], -16.2, 3.0), with a greater difference in anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α-naive patients (vedolizumab vs. placebo, -13.2%; 95% CI, -29.7, 3.3). Mean percentage decrease from baseline RB subscore was numerically greater with vedolizumab versus placebo from Week 6 in anti-TNFα-naive patients (-10.7%; 95% CI, -33.0, 11.5). More patients in the anti-TNFα-naive subgroup achieved SF ≤1 and RB = 0 with vedolizumab versus placebo at Week 2 (14.8%; 95% CI, 2.5, 27.0) and Week 6 (20.3%; 95% CI, 4.4, 36.2). Patients with SF ≤1 and RB = 0 at Week 2 had higher clinical response, clinical remission, and mucosal healing rates at Week 10 than those without. Conclusions: Our results indicate that vedolizumab induces a rapid symptomatic response, particularly in anti-TNFα-naive patients, and suggest that early symptomatic improvement predicts treatment response at Week 10 (NCT02039505).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)742-752
Number of pages11
JournalDigestion
Volume102
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Early symptomatic improvement
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Vedolizumab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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