What do architects and students perceive in their design sketches? A protocol analysis

Masaki Suwa, Barbara Tversky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

333 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present research aims at examining what information architects think of and read off from their own freehand sketches, and at revealing how they perceptually interact with and benefit from sketches. We explored this in a protocol analysis of retrospective reports; each participant worked on an architectural design task while drawing freehand sketches and later reported what she/he had been thinking of during the design task. This research lies within the scope of examinations of why freehand sketches as external representation are essential for crystallizing design ideas in early design processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-403
Number of pages19
JournalDesign Studies
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Oct

Keywords

  • Architectural design
  • Design cognition
  • Drawings
  • Perception
  • Protocol analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence

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