What do architects and students perceive in their design sketches? A protocol analysis

Masaki Suwa, Barbara Tversky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

317 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present research aims at examining what information architects think of and read off from their own freehand sketches, and at revealing how they perceptually interact with and benefit from sketches. We explored this in a protocol analysis of retrospective reports; each participant worked on an architectural design task while drawing freehand sketches and later reported what she/he had been thinking of during the design task. This research lies within the scope of examinations of why freehand sketches as external representation are essential for crystallizing design ideas in early design processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-402
Number of pages18
JournalDesign Studies
Volume18
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Oct
Externally publishedYes

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architect
Students
Architectural design
student
examination
External Representations
Architectural Design
Task Design

Keywords

  • Architectural design
  • Design cognition
  • Drawings
  • Perception
  • Protocol analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

What do architects and students perceive in their design sketches? A protocol analysis. / Suwa, Masaki; Tversky, Barbara.

In: Design Studies, Vol. 18, No. 4, 10.1997, p. 385-402.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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