What psychosocial characteristics are associated with smoking cessation behavior and readiness to quit smoking among japanese male ever-smokers with type 2 diabetes mellitus?

Akiko Morimoto, Naomi Miyamatsu, Tomonori Okamura, Atsushi Hozawa, Aya Kadota, Miho Morinaga, Mihoko Ogita, Atsunori Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu Ueshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: The relationship between psychosocial characteristics and smoking cessation behavior was examined among Japanese male ever-smokers with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: The psychosocial characteristics and smoking cessation behavior of 441 male ever-smokers with type 2 diabetes mellitus were investigated. Personality was assessed using an egogram (five ego states: the Critical Parent, Nurturing Parent, Adult, Free Child, and Adapted Child) and each patient was classified into a high score or low score group based on the median. The current smokers were divided into 2 categories according to their readiness to quit smoking. Results: In multivariate analyses, the ever-smokers with a high Adult score had a lower risk of current smoking (OR=0.67, 95%CI=0.41-0.93), the ever-smokers with a high Free Child score were over 3 times more likely to currently smoke (OR=3.12, 95%CI=1.97-4.97), and the ever-smokers who had a low educational background had a higher risk of current smoking (OR=3.02, 95% CI=1.73-5.28). In addition, the current smokers with a high Adult score had a lower risk of being in the immotive and precontemplation stage (OR=0.55, 95%CI=0.24-0.96). The current smokers who had a low educational background had a higher risk of being in the immotive and precontemplation stage (OR=2.13, 95%CI=1.08-5.42). Conclusion: There is a need to develop a smoking cessation program for patients with high "Free Child" scores and a "low education level".

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-368
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Psychosocial characteristics
  • Readiness to quit smoking
  • Smoking cessation behavior
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Biochemistry, medical

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'What psychosocial characteristics are associated with smoking cessation behavior and readiness to quit smoking among japanese male ever-smokers with type 2 diabetes mellitus?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this