Which relapse criteria best predict the mortality risk of treated alcoholics?

Aihide Yoshino, Motoichiro Kato, Haruo Yoshimasu, Yasutaka Tatsuzawa, Tamotsu Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined which relapse criteria best predict the mortality risk of treated male alcoholics. The subjects were 172 male alcoholics who had previously been hospitalized. Using three criteria which defined relapse as failure to maintain abstinence from alcohol, alcohol abuse, or dependence, the relapse of each subject had been evaluated during a previous 3-year outcome study. Relative mortality risks in the next 3 years classified by the three relapse criteria were compared. The follow-up rate was 93.6% and 31 subjects died. The age-corrected relative mortality risk for subjects failing to maintain abstinence compared with abstainers was 5.32, while the relative mortality risks for the group abusing alcohol and for the group suffering alcohol dependence were 2.23 and 2.56, respectively. These results suggest that relapse defined as failure to maintain abstinence predicts a higher relative mortality risk than do criteria defining in terms of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1374-1378
Number of pages5
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume21
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Alcoholics
Alcoholism
Alcohols
Recurrence
Mortality
Alcohol Abstinence
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Alcoholism
  • Mortality
  • Outcome
  • Relapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Yoshino, A., Kato, M., Yoshimasu, H., Tatsuzawa, Y., & Watanabe, T. (1997). Which relapse criteria best predict the mortality risk of treated alcoholics? Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 21(8), 1374-1378.

Which relapse criteria best predict the mortality risk of treated alcoholics? / Yoshino, Aihide; Kato, Motoichiro; Yoshimasu, Haruo; Tatsuzawa, Yasutaka; Watanabe, Tamotsu.

In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, Vol. 21, No. 8, 1997, p. 1374-1378.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yoshino, A, Kato, M, Yoshimasu, H, Tatsuzawa, Y & Watanabe, T 1997, 'Which relapse criteria best predict the mortality risk of treated alcoholics?', Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1374-1378.
Yoshino, Aihide ; Kato, Motoichiro ; Yoshimasu, Haruo ; Tatsuzawa, Yasutaka ; Watanabe, Tamotsu. / Which relapse criteria best predict the mortality risk of treated alcoholics?. In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 1997 ; Vol. 21, No. 8. pp. 1374-1378.
@article{45d837bdbf924619ac2c488d1c445775,
title = "Which relapse criteria best predict the mortality risk of treated alcoholics?",
abstract = "We examined which relapse criteria best predict the mortality risk of treated male alcoholics. The subjects were 172 male alcoholics who had previously been hospitalized. Using three criteria which defined relapse as failure to maintain abstinence from alcohol, alcohol abuse, or dependence, the relapse of each subject had been evaluated during a previous 3-year outcome study. Relative mortality risks in the next 3 years classified by the three relapse criteria were compared. The follow-up rate was 93.6{\%} and 31 subjects died. The age-corrected relative mortality risk for subjects failing to maintain abstinence compared with abstainers was 5.32, while the relative mortality risks for the group abusing alcohol and for the group suffering alcohol dependence were 2.23 and 2.56, respectively. These results suggest that relapse defined as failure to maintain abstinence predicts a higher relative mortality risk than do criteria defining in terms of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence.",
keywords = "Alcoholism, Mortality, Outcome, Relapse",
author = "Aihide Yoshino and Motoichiro Kato and Haruo Yoshimasu and Yasutaka Tatsuzawa and Tamotsu Watanabe",
year = "1997",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "1374--1378",
journal = "Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research",
issn = "0145-6008",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Which relapse criteria best predict the mortality risk of treated alcoholics?

AU - Yoshino, Aihide

AU - Kato, Motoichiro

AU - Yoshimasu, Haruo

AU - Tatsuzawa, Yasutaka

AU - Watanabe, Tamotsu

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - We examined which relapse criteria best predict the mortality risk of treated male alcoholics. The subjects were 172 male alcoholics who had previously been hospitalized. Using three criteria which defined relapse as failure to maintain abstinence from alcohol, alcohol abuse, or dependence, the relapse of each subject had been evaluated during a previous 3-year outcome study. Relative mortality risks in the next 3 years classified by the three relapse criteria were compared. The follow-up rate was 93.6% and 31 subjects died. The age-corrected relative mortality risk for subjects failing to maintain abstinence compared with abstainers was 5.32, while the relative mortality risks for the group abusing alcohol and for the group suffering alcohol dependence were 2.23 and 2.56, respectively. These results suggest that relapse defined as failure to maintain abstinence predicts a higher relative mortality risk than do criteria defining in terms of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence.

AB - We examined which relapse criteria best predict the mortality risk of treated male alcoholics. The subjects were 172 male alcoholics who had previously been hospitalized. Using three criteria which defined relapse as failure to maintain abstinence from alcohol, alcohol abuse, or dependence, the relapse of each subject had been evaluated during a previous 3-year outcome study. Relative mortality risks in the next 3 years classified by the three relapse criteria were compared. The follow-up rate was 93.6% and 31 subjects died. The age-corrected relative mortality risk for subjects failing to maintain abstinence compared with abstainers was 5.32, while the relative mortality risks for the group abusing alcohol and for the group suffering alcohol dependence were 2.23 and 2.56, respectively. These results suggest that relapse defined as failure to maintain abstinence predicts a higher relative mortality risk than do criteria defining in terms of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence.

KW - Alcoholism

KW - Mortality

KW - Outcome

KW - Relapse

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030716923&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030716923&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9394107

AN - SCOPUS:0030716923

VL - 21

SP - 1374

EP - 1378

JO - Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

JF - Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

SN - 0145-6008

IS - 8

ER -