Work-family spillover among Japanese dual-earner couples

A large community-based study

Kyoko Shimada, Akihito Shimazu, Arnold B. Bakker, Evangelia Demerouti, Norito Kawakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the effects of multiple types of work-family spillover (work-to-family negative spillover, WFNS; family-to-work negative spillover, FWNS; and work-family positive spillover, WFPS) on psychological distress among Japanese dual-earner couples with preschool children. Methods: 2,346 parents completed questionnaires measuring work-family spillover, work- and family-specific variables (i.e., job demands and resources, family demands and resources), and psychological distress. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted by entering demographic characteristics (gender, age, age of the youngest child, and job contract) in step 1, job demands and resources in step 2, family demands and resources in step 3, work-family spillover in step 4, and three two-way interactions between types of work-family spillover and gender in the final step. Results: Both WFNS and FWNS were positively related to psychological distress after controlling for demographic characteristics and domain specific variables (i.e. job and family demands/resources), and FWNS (β=0.26) had a stronger relation with psychological distress than WFNS (β=0.16). Although WFPS was significantly and negatively related to psychological distress, the relationship was weak (β=-0.05). In addition, two-way interactions of WFNS and FWNS with gender were found; the impact of both WFNS and FWNS on psychological distress is stronger for females than for males. No significant interaction effect was observed between WFPS and gender. Conclusions: In this study of Japanese dual-earner couples with preschool children, work-family negative spillover had a stronger relationship with psychological distress than positive spillover. Gender had a moderating effect on the relationship between negative spillover and psychological distress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-343
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of occupational health
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Regression analysis
Psychology
Preschool Children
Demography
Contracts
Parents
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Community-based study
  • Dual-earner couples
  • Gender
  • Psychological distress
  • Work-family negative spillover
  • Work-family positive spillover

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Work-family spillover among Japanese dual-earner couples : A large community-based study. / Shimada, Kyoko; Shimazu, Akihito; Bakker, Arnold B.; Demerouti, Evangelia; Kawakami, Norito.

In: Journal of occupational health, Vol. 52, No. 6, 01.11.2010, p. 335-343.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shimada, Kyoko ; Shimazu, Akihito ; Bakker, Arnold B. ; Demerouti, Evangelia ; Kawakami, Norito. / Work-family spillover among Japanese dual-earner couples : A large community-based study. In: Journal of occupational health. 2010 ; Vol. 52, No. 6. pp. 335-343.
@article{112b6dbacf804a699613188be8a3e09b,
title = "Work-family spillover among Japanese dual-earner couples: A large community-based study",
abstract = "Objectives: To examine the effects of multiple types of work-family spillover (work-to-family negative spillover, WFNS; family-to-work negative spillover, FWNS; and work-family positive spillover, WFPS) on psychological distress among Japanese dual-earner couples with preschool children. Methods: 2,346 parents completed questionnaires measuring work-family spillover, work- and family-specific variables (i.e., job demands and resources, family demands and resources), and psychological distress. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted by entering demographic characteristics (gender, age, age of the youngest child, and job contract) in step 1, job demands and resources in step 2, family demands and resources in step 3, work-family spillover in step 4, and three two-way interactions between types of work-family spillover and gender in the final step. Results: Both WFNS and FWNS were positively related to psychological distress after controlling for demographic characteristics and domain specific variables (i.e. job and family demands/resources), and FWNS (β=0.26) had a stronger relation with psychological distress than WFNS (β=0.16). Although WFPS was significantly and negatively related to psychological distress, the relationship was weak (β=-0.05). In addition, two-way interactions of WFNS and FWNS with gender were found; the impact of both WFNS and FWNS on psychological distress is stronger for females than for males. No significant interaction effect was observed between WFPS and gender. Conclusions: In this study of Japanese dual-earner couples with preschool children, work-family negative spillover had a stronger relationship with psychological distress than positive spillover. Gender had a moderating effect on the relationship between negative spillover and psychological distress.",
keywords = "Community-based study, Dual-earner couples, Gender, Psychological distress, Work-family negative spillover, Work-family positive spillover",
author = "Kyoko Shimada and Akihito Shimazu and Bakker, {Arnold B.} and Evangelia Demerouti and Norito Kawakami",
year = "2010",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1539/joh.L9130",
language = "English",
volume = "52",
pages = "335--343",
journal = "Journal of Occupational Health",
issn = "1341-9145",
publisher = "Japan Society for Occupational Health",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Work-family spillover among Japanese dual-earner couples

T2 - A large community-based study

AU - Shimada, Kyoko

AU - Shimazu, Akihito

AU - Bakker, Arnold B.

AU - Demerouti, Evangelia

AU - Kawakami, Norito

PY - 2010/11/1

Y1 - 2010/11/1

N2 - Objectives: To examine the effects of multiple types of work-family spillover (work-to-family negative spillover, WFNS; family-to-work negative spillover, FWNS; and work-family positive spillover, WFPS) on psychological distress among Japanese dual-earner couples with preschool children. Methods: 2,346 parents completed questionnaires measuring work-family spillover, work- and family-specific variables (i.e., job demands and resources, family demands and resources), and psychological distress. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted by entering demographic characteristics (gender, age, age of the youngest child, and job contract) in step 1, job demands and resources in step 2, family demands and resources in step 3, work-family spillover in step 4, and three two-way interactions between types of work-family spillover and gender in the final step. Results: Both WFNS and FWNS were positively related to psychological distress after controlling for demographic characteristics and domain specific variables (i.e. job and family demands/resources), and FWNS (β=0.26) had a stronger relation with psychological distress than WFNS (β=0.16). Although WFPS was significantly and negatively related to psychological distress, the relationship was weak (β=-0.05). In addition, two-way interactions of WFNS and FWNS with gender were found; the impact of both WFNS and FWNS on psychological distress is stronger for females than for males. No significant interaction effect was observed between WFPS and gender. Conclusions: In this study of Japanese dual-earner couples with preschool children, work-family negative spillover had a stronger relationship with psychological distress than positive spillover. Gender had a moderating effect on the relationship between negative spillover and psychological distress.

AB - Objectives: To examine the effects of multiple types of work-family spillover (work-to-family negative spillover, WFNS; family-to-work negative spillover, FWNS; and work-family positive spillover, WFPS) on psychological distress among Japanese dual-earner couples with preschool children. Methods: 2,346 parents completed questionnaires measuring work-family spillover, work- and family-specific variables (i.e., job demands and resources, family demands and resources), and psychological distress. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis was conducted by entering demographic characteristics (gender, age, age of the youngest child, and job contract) in step 1, job demands and resources in step 2, family demands and resources in step 3, work-family spillover in step 4, and three two-way interactions between types of work-family spillover and gender in the final step. Results: Both WFNS and FWNS were positively related to psychological distress after controlling for demographic characteristics and domain specific variables (i.e. job and family demands/resources), and FWNS (β=0.26) had a stronger relation with psychological distress than WFNS (β=0.16). Although WFPS was significantly and negatively related to psychological distress, the relationship was weak (β=-0.05). In addition, two-way interactions of WFNS and FWNS with gender were found; the impact of both WFNS and FWNS on psychological distress is stronger for females than for males. No significant interaction effect was observed between WFPS and gender. Conclusions: In this study of Japanese dual-earner couples with preschool children, work-family negative spillover had a stronger relationship with psychological distress than positive spillover. Gender had a moderating effect on the relationship between negative spillover and psychological distress.

KW - Community-based study

KW - Dual-earner couples

KW - Gender

KW - Psychological distress

KW - Work-family negative spillover

KW - Work-family positive spillover

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78650633941&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78650633941&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1539/joh.L9130

DO - 10.1539/joh.L9130

M3 - Article

VL - 52

SP - 335

EP - 343

JO - Journal of Occupational Health

JF - Journal of Occupational Health

SN - 1341-9145

IS - 6

ER -