Working conditions and individual differences are weakly associated with Workaholism: A 2-3-year prospective study of shift-working nurses

Cecilie S. Andreassen, Arnold B. Bakker, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bente E. Moen, Nils Magerøy, Akihito Shimazu, Jørn Hetland, Ståle Pallesen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study focuses on individual differences and the demand-support-control model in relation to workaholism. We hypothesized that unfavorable working conditions (high job demands, low job control/decision latitude, and low social support at work) and individual differences concerning sleep/wake-related variables (high flexibility, high morningness, and low languidity) would be related to workaholism measured 2-3 years later. Survey data stemmed from a prospective cohort of shift-working nurses (N = 1,308). The results showed that social support at work was negatively related to workaholism, whereas job demands were positively related to workaholism. Flexibility in terms of time for working/sleeping was also positively related to workaholism. The analyses further revealed that workaholism was inversely associated with age as well as having a child or having a child move in. Conjointly, the independent variables explained 6.4% of the variance in workaholism, while their relative importance was small overall. After controlling for all other independent variables, high job demands had the strongest relationship (small-to-medium) with workaholism. This implies that less pressure from the external environment to work excessively hard may prevent an increase in workaholic behaviors. Overall, the study adds to our understanding of the relationships between working conditions, individual differences, and workaholism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2045
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume8
Issue numberNOV
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 21
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

varespladib methyl
Individuality
Nurses
Prospective Studies
Social Support
Sleep
Pressure

Keywords

  • Flexibility
  • Individual differences
  • Job demand-control-social support
  • Sleep
  • Workaholism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Working conditions and individual differences are weakly associated with Workaholism : A 2-3-year prospective study of shift-working nurses. / Andreassen, Cecilie S.; Bakker, Arnold B.; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Moen, Bente E.; Magerøy, Nils; Shimazu, Akihito; Hetland, Jørn; Pallesen, Ståle.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 8, No. NOV, 2045, 21.11.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Andreassen, Cecilie S. ; Bakker, Arnold B. ; Bjorvatn, Bjørn ; Moen, Bente E. ; Magerøy, Nils ; Shimazu, Akihito ; Hetland, Jørn ; Pallesen, Ståle. / Working conditions and individual differences are weakly associated with Workaholism : A 2-3-year prospective study of shift-working nurses. In: Frontiers in Psychology. 2017 ; Vol. 8, No. NOV.
@article{5107cf1602204f2a812d8a25d9fb8b44,
title = "Working conditions and individual differences are weakly associated with Workaholism: A 2-3-year prospective study of shift-working nurses",
abstract = "This study focuses on individual differences and the demand-support-control model in relation to workaholism. We hypothesized that unfavorable working conditions (high job demands, low job control/decision latitude, and low social support at work) and individual differences concerning sleep/wake-related variables (high flexibility, high morningness, and low languidity) would be related to workaholism measured 2-3 years later. Survey data stemmed from a prospective cohort of shift-working nurses (N = 1,308). The results showed that social support at work was negatively related to workaholism, whereas job demands were positively related to workaholism. Flexibility in terms of time for working/sleeping was also positively related to workaholism. The analyses further revealed that workaholism was inversely associated with age as well as having a child or having a child move in. Conjointly, the independent variables explained 6.4{\%} of the variance in workaholism, while their relative importance was small overall. After controlling for all other independent variables, high job demands had the strongest relationship (small-to-medium) with workaholism. This implies that less pressure from the external environment to work excessively hard may prevent an increase in workaholic behaviors. Overall, the study adds to our understanding of the relationships between working conditions, individual differences, and workaholism.",
keywords = "Flexibility, Individual differences, Job demand-control-social support, Sleep, Workaholism",
author = "Andreassen, {Cecilie S.} and Bakker, {Arnold B.} and Bj{\o}rn Bjorvatn and Moen, {Bente E.} and Nils Mager{\o}y and Akihito Shimazu and J{\o}rn Hetland and St{\aa}le Pallesen",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "21",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02045",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",
number = "NOV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Working conditions and individual differences are weakly associated with Workaholism

T2 - A 2-3-year prospective study of shift-working nurses

AU - Andreassen, Cecilie S.

AU - Bakker, Arnold B.

AU - Bjorvatn, Bjørn

AU - Moen, Bente E.

AU - Magerøy, Nils

AU - Shimazu, Akihito

AU - Hetland, Jørn

AU - Pallesen, Ståle

PY - 2017/11/21

Y1 - 2017/11/21

N2 - This study focuses on individual differences and the demand-support-control model in relation to workaholism. We hypothesized that unfavorable working conditions (high job demands, low job control/decision latitude, and low social support at work) and individual differences concerning sleep/wake-related variables (high flexibility, high morningness, and low languidity) would be related to workaholism measured 2-3 years later. Survey data stemmed from a prospective cohort of shift-working nurses (N = 1,308). The results showed that social support at work was negatively related to workaholism, whereas job demands were positively related to workaholism. Flexibility in terms of time for working/sleeping was also positively related to workaholism. The analyses further revealed that workaholism was inversely associated with age as well as having a child or having a child move in. Conjointly, the independent variables explained 6.4% of the variance in workaholism, while their relative importance was small overall. After controlling for all other independent variables, high job demands had the strongest relationship (small-to-medium) with workaholism. This implies that less pressure from the external environment to work excessively hard may prevent an increase in workaholic behaviors. Overall, the study adds to our understanding of the relationships between working conditions, individual differences, and workaholism.

AB - This study focuses on individual differences and the demand-support-control model in relation to workaholism. We hypothesized that unfavorable working conditions (high job demands, low job control/decision latitude, and low social support at work) and individual differences concerning sleep/wake-related variables (high flexibility, high morningness, and low languidity) would be related to workaholism measured 2-3 years later. Survey data stemmed from a prospective cohort of shift-working nurses (N = 1,308). The results showed that social support at work was negatively related to workaholism, whereas job demands were positively related to workaholism. Flexibility in terms of time for working/sleeping was also positively related to workaholism. The analyses further revealed that workaholism was inversely associated with age as well as having a child or having a child move in. Conjointly, the independent variables explained 6.4% of the variance in workaholism, while their relative importance was small overall. After controlling for all other independent variables, high job demands had the strongest relationship (small-to-medium) with workaholism. This implies that less pressure from the external environment to work excessively hard may prevent an increase in workaholic behaviors. Overall, the study adds to our understanding of the relationships between working conditions, individual differences, and workaholism.

KW - Flexibility

KW - Individual differences

KW - Job demand-control-social support

KW - Sleep

KW - Workaholism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85035048649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85035048649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02045

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02045

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85035048649

VL - 8

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

IS - NOV

M1 - 2045

ER -