Xanthine oxidase-derived oxygen radicals play significant roles in the development of chronic pancreatitis in WBN/Kob rats

Shigeyuki Zeki, Soichiro Miura, Hidekazu Suzuki, Naoyuki Watanabe, Masayuki Adachi, Hirokazu Yokoyama, Yoshinori Horie, Hidetsugu Saito, Shinzo Kato, Hiromasa Ishii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although oxygen-derived free radicals are known to play a role in cell injury and DNA alterations, the role of active oxidants in chronic pancreatitis has not been fully elucidated. Using WBN/Kob rats, which spontaneously develop chronic pancreatitis-like lesions, we investigated whether xanthine oxidase (XOD)-derived oxygen radicals are involved in pancreatic tissue injury. Methods: WBN/Kob rats were fed a control or a tungsten diet. The latter depletes XOD activity. Histological changes, glutathione (GSH) content and XOD and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were determined in pancreatic tissue. Pancreatic 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG) levels and lithostathine mRNA were also examined. Results: In WBN/Kob rats, parenchymal destruction and fibrosis developed at approximately 12 weeks of age and progressed with each month. The activity of XOD was significantly higher in the early period (8-12 weeks), whereas the levels of GSH and SOD decreased after 16 weeks. Levels of 8-OH-dG in WBN/Kob rats were significantly elevated at 16 weeks. Lithostathine mRNA levels started to increase at 8 weeks, but were suppressed at 16 weeks. The tungsten diet significantly attenuated the histological changes in WBN/Kob rats. The increase in pancreatic XOD activity and 8-OH-dG content in WBN/Kob rats was significantly inhibited by the tungsten diet and lithostathine mRNA levels remained high at 16 weeks. Conclusion: These results suggest that oxygen radicals generated by XOD play an important role in oxidative DNA damage and the development of chronic pancreatic injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-616
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jan 1

Keywords

  • 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Glutathione
  • Lithostathine
  • Superoxide dismutase
  • Xanthine oxidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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