Z-E Isomerization of fi-Methoxychalcones: Preferred Existence of E-Isomers in Naturally Occurring flmethoxychalcones

Fumiyuki Kiuchi, Xing Chen, Yoshisuke Tsuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)


Methylation of dibenzoylmethanes with diazomethane always gave Z-β-methoxychalcones, which are the products of kinetically controlled methylation of chelated enol forms of /1-hydroxychalcones. Z-β-Methoxychalcones were thermodynamically unstable and readily isomerized into more stable E-isomers on contact with silica gel, on keeping in polar solvents, or on exposure to light. The structures of both isomers of the simplest fl-methoxychalcone were determined by X-ray crystal structure analysis. All p-methoxychalcones prepared were fully characterized by spectroscopic methods, revealing that the E- and Z-isomers are distinguishable in terms of ultraviolet and 13 C-nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, and nuclear Overhauser effect between the /Jmethoxyl group and H-8 proton. The spectral data reported for natural ft-methoxychalcones methylpongamol and praecansone A, are attributable to the E-isomers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1862-1871
Number of pages10
JournalChemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1990 Jan 1



  • C-NMR
  • E,Z-isomer
  • X-ray analysis
  • dibenzoylmethane
  • isomerization
  • methylation
  • methylpongamol
  • nuclear Overhauser effect
  • praecansone A
  • β-methoxychalcone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Drug Discovery

Cite this