Background: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a key enzyme that produces prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and plays an important role in colorectal tumor growth. In addition, recent researches focused on 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH), which degrades PGE2. Here we determined the effect of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) on COX-2 and 15-PGDH expression and investigated its preventive effect for colorectal cancer (CRC). Materials and Methods: HT-29 cells were used in the in vitro experiments. c-Ha-ras transgenic mice were employed in order to explore the chemopreventive effects. Western blotting analysis was performed and the protein expression of COX-2 and 15-PGDH was quantified. Results: 5-ASA significantly suppressed COX-2 expression and induced 15-PGDH expression in HT-29 cells. In the transgenic mice, oral 5-ASA intake reduced the incidence of colorectal tumor formation and the tumor size. Furthermore, we observed a down-regulation of COX-2 and an up-regulation of 15-PGDH in the tissue from colons of these mice. Conclusion: 5-ASA exerts a preventive effect against colorectal tumor development through mediation of COX-2 and 15-PGDH expression.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2012 4 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research