A 20ch TDC/ADC hybrid SoC for 240×96-pixel 10%-reflection <0.125%-precision 200m-range imaging LiDAR with smart accumulation technique

Kentaro Yoshioka, Hiroshi Kubota, Tomonori Fukushima, Satoshi Kondo, Tuan Thanh Ta, Hidenori Okuni, Kaori Watanabe, Yoshinari Ojima, Katsuyuki Kimura, Sohichiroh Hosoda, Yutaka Oota, Tomohiro Koizumi, Naoyuki Kawabe, Yasuhiro Ishii, Yoichiro Iwagami, Seitaro Yagi, Isao Fujisawa, Nobuo Kano, Tomohiro Sugimoto, Daisuke KuroseNaoya Waki, Yumi Higashi, Tetsuya Nakamura, Yoshikazu Nagashima, Hirotomo Ishii, Akihide Sai, Nobu Matsumoto

研究成果: Conference contribution

9 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Long-range and high-pixel-resolution LiDAR systems, using Time-of-Flight (ToF) information of the reflected photon from the target, are essential upon launching safe and reliable self-driving programs of Level 4 and above. 200m long-range distance measurement (DM) is required to sense proceeding vehicles and obstacles as fast as possible in a highway situation. To realize safe and reliable self-driving in city areas, LiDAR systems uniting wide angle-of-view and high pixel resolution are required to fully perceive surrounding events. Moreover, these performances must be achieved under strong background light (e.g., sunlight), which is the most significant noise source for LiDAR systems. To accomplish a 100m-range DM, an accumulation of the DM results through several pixels is utilized to improve the S/N ratio with 70klux background light [1]. Here, S is the number of photons reflected from the target and N as the number of background light photons. However, if the range is extended to 200m under similar condition of the laser power and frame rate (FPS), 16x more pixel accumulation is required. Such pixel accumulation leads to blurring the range image, and hence, a serious oversight in the surrounding events, such as a flying-out pedestrian, may occur, not suiting self-driving applications. Furthermore, the Time-to-Digital Converter (tDC) based ToF measurement is activated only when 2 or more photons are detected simultaneously [1], and thus, is not suitable for the 200m long-range DM where few photons are reflected from the target. On the other hand, ToF measurements using ADCs, which can continuously quantize the silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) output and can sense single-photon events, suits long-range measuring purposes well [2]. However, a number of accumulations should still be required to accomplish 200m-range DM, and hence, low resolution is inevitable. In addition, the SoC cost is critical. To enhance the short-range DM resolution by using ADCs, the required sampling rate is over 10GS/s; upon realizing a 20ch AFE, such an ADC array alone may occupy an area of over 10mm2 and consume huge power [3].

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトル2018 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, ISSCC 2018
出版社Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ページ92-94
ページ数3
ISBN(電子版)9781509049394
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2018 3月 8
外部発表はい
イベント65th IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, ISSCC 2018 - San Francisco, United States
継続期間: 2018 2月 112018 2月 15

出版物シリーズ

名前Digest of Technical Papers - IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference
61
ISSN(印刷版)0193-6530

Other

Other65th IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, ISSCC 2018
国/地域United States
CitySan Francisco
Period18/2/1118/2/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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