Nephritis associated with a chronically infected ventriculo-atrial (VA) or ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt is known as shunt nephritis. A 60-year-old woman who had a VA shunt implanted for hydrocephalus began to show intermittent low-grade fever of an unknown origin, as well as hypertension and lower leg edema. Laboratory findings showed renal insufficiency with proteinuria, and a percutaneous renal biopsy was performed. Light microscopy revealed findings of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. Shunt nephritis was suspected. The VA shunt was removed and the VP shunt was replaced subsequently. Signs of renal impairment were recovered after surgery. However, a new VA shunt was implanted because of a shunt malfunction. Shunt nephritis is a rare complication associated with shunt system implantation. It can be treated successfully by removing the shunt system immediately. It should be considered that shunts, especially VA shunts, always carry a risk of nephritis.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2012 1 10|
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