We report herein on a case of mumps associated with laryngeal edema. The patient was an 18-yearold man who was referred by a nearby doctor with complaints of dyspnea and swelling of the submandibular and parotid glands. We suspected that the patient was suffering from mumps associated with laryngeal edema. The patient was hospitalized and started on treatment with intravenous steroids. Because the laryngeal edema did not improve with this treatment approach, a tracheostomy was performed. The diagnosis of mumps was confirmed by the elevated serum antibody titers. There have been about 15 reports of mumps associated with laryngeal edema especially from Japan. It is essential to examine the airway by laryngoscopy in case of mumps with swelling of the submandibular and parotid glands.
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