A ganglioside-induced toxic soluble Aβ assembly: Its enhanced formation from Aβ bearing the arctic mutation

Naoki Yamamoto, Etsuro Matsubara, Sumihiro Maeda, Hirohisa Minagawa, Akihiko Takashima, Wakako Maruyama, Makoto Michikawa, Katsuhiko Yanagisawa

研究成果: Article査読

65 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The mechanism underlying plaque-independent neuronal death in Alzheimer disease (AD), which is probably responsible for early cognitive decline in AD patients, remains unclarified. Here, we show that a toxic soluble Aβ assembly (TAβ) is formed in the presence of liposomes containing GM1 ganglioside more rapidly and to a greater extent from a hereditary variant-type ("Arctic") Aβ than from wild-type Aβ. TAβ is also formed from soluble Aβ through incubation with natural neuronal membranes prepared from aged mouse brains in a GM1 ganglioside-dependent manner. An oligomer-specific antibody (anti-Oligo) significantly suppresses TAβ toxicity. Biophysical and structural analyses by atomic force microscopy and size exclusion chromatography revealed that TAβ is spherical with diameters of 10-20 nm and molecular masses of 200-300 kDa. TAβ induces neuronal death, which is abrogated by the small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of nerve growth factor receptors, including TrkA and p75 neurotrophin receptor. Our results suggest that soluble Aβ assemblies, such as TAβ, can cause plaque-independent neuronal death that favorably occurs in nerve growth factor-dependent neurons in the cholinergic basal forebrain in AD.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2646-2655
ページ数10
ジャーナルJournal of Biological Chemistry
282
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2007 1月 26
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 細胞生物学

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