We report a patient with highly advanced gastric carcinoma who was treated successfully with chemoradiotherapy (CRT) comprising S-1 and cisplatin. The patient was a 71-year-old male who was diagnosed with advanced gastric carcinoma by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) by medical examination. EGD demonstrated type 3 advanced gastric carcinoma in the posterior wall of the upper gastric body. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan showed that the gastric wall was thickened due to gastric primary tumor, and large lymph nodes (LNs) including the lesser curvature LN, anterosuperior LN along the common hepatic artery and some para-aortic LNs were detected. The patient was diagnosed with stage IV advanced gastric carcinoma according to the Japanese classification of gastric carcinoma (cT4a, cN3, cM1 [para-aortic LN], cStage IV). Preoperative CRT was carried out in an attempt to downstage the disease. Remarkable reduction of the primary tumor and metastatic LNs was observed after initial CRT, and radiological examination determined that a partial response had been achieved. Adverse effects included grade 2 anorexia and grade 3 ALP elevation (919 U/ml). No grade 4 or more severe adverse event was observed. After CRT, although we recommended curative surgery, the patient refused surgical treatment and opted for conservative treatment. Thus, we continued S-1 oral administration for 1 year. Five months after beginning CRT, upper endoscopy showed that the tumor had maintained regression and scar formation, in which no cancer cells were detected by endoscopic biopsy. The patient is doing well and has maintained a clinical complete response for more than 42 months without curative surgery. CRT could be considered as an option for treatment of patients with locally advanced gastric carcinoma diagnosed as unresectable, or for those who refuse surgical treatment.
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