A Neo-Esophagus Reconstructed by Cultured Human Esophageal Epithelial Cells, Smooth Muscle Cells, Fibroblasts, and Collagen

Koji Hayashi, Nobutoshi Ando, Soji Ozawa, Yuko Kitagawa, Hirotaka Miki, Michio Sato, Masaki Kitajima

研究成果: Article

47 引用 (Scopus)

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The scientists involved in this study attempted to develop an artificial esophagus constructed of autologous cells grown by cell culture methods on an extracellular matrix. An artificial esophagus consisting of human esophageal epithelial cells, dermal fibroblasts, and smooth muscle cells isolated from the aortic media, was attempted. The purpose of this study was to examine whether smooth muscle cells could be used in the transforming matrix. Human fibroblasts were embedded in Type I collagen superimposed on the collagen layer of smooth muscle cells. Next, human esophageal epithelial cells were cultured on the collagen layer of the fibroblasts. The resulting collagen sheets were cultured in vitro for 1 week, then transplanted on the latissimus dorsi muscles of athymic rats. The sheets were examined histologically at 1 and 2 weeks using hematoxylin eosin and immunologic stain methods (antiactin antibody). At the end of 2 weeks after transplantation, on microscopic observation of the collagen sheets, it appeared that the epithelial layer, the submucosal tissue layer, and the proper muscle layer had been reconstructed. Additionally, the authors successfully isolated smooth muscle cells from the media of the left gastric artery as a surgical specimen by explant cell culture. The ability to transform collagen sheets consisting of esophageal epithelial cells, fibroblasts, and smooth muscle cells from a surgical specimen into a luminal structure may enable clinical application of the artificial esophagus.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)261-266
ページ数6
ジャーナルASAIO Journal
50
発行部数3
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2004 5 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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