TY - JOUR

T1 - A New Complete Set of Basic Equations for Conducting Magnetic Fluids with Internal Rotation (Thermodynamical Discussions)

AU - Shizawa, Kazuyuki

AU - Tanahashi, Takahiko

PY - 1986

Y1 - 1986

N2 - A new complete set of basic equations for magnetic fluids having good conductivity of heat and electricity with internal rotation has not been derived before. In this paper, governing equations for such conducting magnetic fluids are formulated by the thermodynamical method, in which free energy and the dissipation function are used on the basic of kinematical balance equations in the polar theory. A simple method for determining a constitutive equation of magnetization is proposed, so that the relaxation equation of magnetization becomes unnecessary. It is shown that the equations obtained in this paper involve almost all equations concerned with magnetic fluids. The new system of equations for nonconducting magnetic fluids derived here is more general and strict in comparison with those previously presented. Hence, it will be possible to treat rapid changes of magnetic fields by the present theory.

AB - A new complete set of basic equations for magnetic fluids having good conductivity of heat and electricity with internal rotation has not been derived before. In this paper, governing equations for such conducting magnetic fluids are formulated by the thermodynamical method, in which free energy and the dissipation function are used on the basic of kinematical balance equations in the polar theory. A simple method for determining a constitutive equation of magnetization is proposed, so that the relaxation equation of magnetization becomes unnecessary. It is shown that the equations obtained in this paper involve almost all equations concerned with magnetic fluids. The new system of equations for nonconducting magnetic fluids derived here is more general and strict in comparison with those previously presented. Hence, it will be possible to treat rapid changes of magnetic fields by the present theory.

KW - Conducting Magnetic Fluid

KW - Constitutive Equation

KW - Fluid Mechanics

KW - Internal Rotation

KW - Polar Theory

KW - Thermodynamical Method

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0022476525&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0022476525&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1299/kikaib.52.325

DO - 10.1299/kikaib.52.325

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0022476525

VL - 52

SP - 325

EP - 333

JO - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

JF - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

SN - 0387-5016

IS - 473

ER -