Purpose: To achieve the challenging goal of simultaneously improving aesthetics and auditory function in the treatment of microtia, we developed an auricular prosthesis incorporating a cartilage conduction hearing aid (APiCHA), which covers a cartilage conduction hearing aid (CC-HA). We evaluated the acoustic characteristics generated by the method of combining these two components using an artificial mastoid and investigated the possibility of clinical translation. Methods: The first step in creating an APiCHA is to take molds of both the affected and normal auricles and invert the 3D data of the normal auricle to create data for the auricular prostheses. Grooves were then made inside the prosthetic data to fit the affected ear and a CC-HA, and the APiCHA was made of silicone. The acoustic characteristics were measured using an artificial mastoid, and the results were compared between CC-HA alone and with APiCHA. Results: Compared with CC-HA alone, the gain was approximately 2 dB lower at high frequencies from 1 k Hz and higher, and approximately 2 dB higher at approximately 900 Hz when CC-HA was used with APiCHA. For the other frequencies, the acoustic characteristics were almost the same. Conclusion: The changes in acoustic characteristics caused by the combined use of APiCHA and CC-HA were minimal and did not pose a clinical problem. The combined use of APiCHA and CC-HA can be considered as a non-invasive and clinically applicable treatment option to achieve both aesthetic and auditory improvements for microtia.
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