New drugs have significantly improved the survival of patients with multiple myeloma (MM), but the prognosis of MM patients with high-risk cytogenetic changes such as t(4; 14), t(14; 16) or del17p remains very poor. A natural product, komaroviquinone (KQN), was originally isolated from the perennial semi-shrub Dracocephalum komarovi and has anti-protozoal activity against Trypanosoma cruzi, the organism causing Chagas’ disease. Here we demonstrate that a novel KQN-derivative, GTN024, has an anti-MM effect both in vitro and in vivo. GTN024 induced the apoptosis of MM cell lines including those with high-risk cytogenetic changes. GTN024 produced reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increased phosphorylated eIF2α. The ROS production and subsequent endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress are thought to play a key role in GTN024-induced apoptosis, as the apoptosis was completely abrogated by anti-oxidant treatment. In a mouse xenograft model, an intraperitoneal injection of 20 mg/kg of GTN024 significantly delayed tumor growth. Hematological toxicity and systemic toxicity as indicated by weight loss were not observed. These results suggest that the novel KQN-derivative GTN024 could become a candidate drug for treating high-risk MM.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2018 11 2|
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