A phase I study of paclitaxel and continuous daily CAI in patients with refractory solid tumors

Nilofer Azad, Alyssa Perroy, Erin Gardner, Chiyo K. Imamura, Cynthia Graves, Gisele A. Sarosy, Lori Minasian, Herbert Kotz, Miranda Raggio, William D. Figg, Elise C. Kohn

研究成果: Article査読

9 被引用数 (Scopus)


Background: Carboxyamido-triazole (CAI) is a calcium influx inhibitor with anti-angiogenic and anti-invasive properties and stabilizes tumor progression in patients. We hypothesized daily oral micronized CAI with q3 week paclitaxel would be well-tolerated and active. Results: Twenty-nine heavily pretreated patients [median 3 (0-7)] were enrolled on five dose levels. No additive or cumulative toxicity was observed, and grade III nonhematological toxicity was rare. Neutropenia was the most common hematologic toxicity, seen in 79% of patients, with a trend towards increasing grade with higher paclitaxel doses. The recommended phase II dose defined by the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was CAI 250 mg daily and paclitaxel 200 mg/m2 q3weeks. Pharmacokinetic analysis revealed paclitaxel increases CAI trough concentration at all dose levels by over 100% (p < 0.0001). a trend towards higher steady-state CAI trough concentrations was found in patients with a partial response (PR; p = 0.09). Six patients had confirmed PR (24%; 4-67 cycles, median 10); two patients had minor responses. Patients and methods: Eligible patients with solid tumors received micronized CAI daily (150-250 mg PO) and paclitaxel intravenously q3weeks (175-250 mg/m2), sequentially escalating each drug. CAI preceded paclitaxel by one week to permit pharmacokinetic analysis. patients were assessed for toxicity, pharmacokinetics and disease outcome. Conclusions: The MTD of the combination of CAI and paclitaxel is 250 mg daily and 200 mg/m2 q3weeks, respectively. The combination is tolerable and has potential antitumor activity.

ジャーナルCancer Biology and Therapy
出版ステータスPublished - 2009 10月 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 分子医療
  • 腫瘍学
  • 薬理学
  • 癌研究


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