A pilot study of combining social skills training and parenting training for children with autism spectrum disorders and their parents in Japan

Junko Okajima, Noriko Kato, Minako Nakamura, Ryoko Otani, Junichi Yamamoto, Ryoichi Sakuta

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of a program containing a combination of social skills training (SST) and parenting training (PT) for the enrichment of social interaction skills and reduction of parenting stress for children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) and their parents in Japan. Twenty-two patients with HFASD from second to fourth grade and their parents were assigned to a training group (TG) or treatment as usual (TAU) and compared. The children with HFASD and their parents who were assigned to the TG participated in the manualized program for over a period of five to six months. Subjects provided demographic and medical information and completed teacher and parent-rating scales for social competence (Social Responsiveness Scale-2: SRS-2) and parent-rating of parenting stress (Parental Stress Index: PSI) and mental health (General Health Questionnaire-28: GHQ-28). The participants exhibited some improvements pre-, middle-, and post-treatment, particularly regarding the GHQ, PSI and SRS-2, as reported by parents. However, the social skills improvement reported by teachers was not significant. At the three-month follow-up, parent-rated GHQ and PSI maintained improvement, and SRS-2 achieved the greatest improvement from the baseline rating. Although some findings indicate that a program combination of SST and PT might be useful for enhancing social skills and improving parental stress and mental health, some subscales did not show a sufficient effect. Future research should consider program contents and provide longitudinal follow-up data to test the durability of the treatment.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)815-825
ページ数11
ジャーナルBrain and Development
43
8
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 小児科学、周産期医学および子どもの健康
  • 発達神経科学
  • 臨床神経学

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