First-line chemotherapy regimens that include bevacizumab (Bev) have been hypothesized to improve outcomes in patients with advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (non-sq NSCLC). Although approved to treat NSCLC in 2009, insufficient data exist on the clinical uses of Bev in Japan. The present study prospectively evaluated the efficacy and safety of Bev-containing combination chemotherapy. Eligible patients exhibited histologically or cytologically documented advanced or recurrent non-sq NSCLC. Patients were administered 15 mg/kg Bev with standard chemotherapy followed by maintenance Bev. The primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and safety. A total of 102 patients with non-sq NSCLC were enrolled, 44.1% of whose tumor carried epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. The overall response rate to the intervention was 44.1%, and the median PFS was 8.3 months [95% confidence interval (CI)=6.4-10.2 months]. The median overall survival was 26.3 months (95% CI=22.2-30.4 months). The incidence of Bev-associated severe adverse events was similar to those in previous trials, excluding a grade 3-4 hypertension rate of 30.4% in the present study. Multivariate analysis revealed that a higher TNM classification of malignant tumor staging-T factor, adjusted hazard ratio (HR)=1.33 (95% CI=1.10-1.61), and poor performance status [adjusted HR=1.63 (1.02-2.60)] were associated with significantly shorter PFS, whilst the EGFR exon 19 deletion was significantly associated with prolonged PFS [adjusted HR=0.47 (0.25-0.87)]. Bev-containing chemotherapy was safe and effective for patients with non-sq NSCLC in clinical settings in Japan. The EGFR exon 19 deletion was suggested as a positive predictive factor for the efficacy of Bev-containing chemotherapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research