TheUnitedNations (UN) reports that the global population reached 7 billion in 2011, and today, it stands at about 7.3 billion. This dramatic increase has been driven largely by the extension of people's lifetime. The urban population has been also increasing, which causes a lot of issues for cities, such as congestion and increased demand for resources, including energy, water, sanitation, education, and healthcare services. A smart city has been expected a lot to solve those issues. The concept of a smart city is not new. Due to the progress of information and communication technology (ICT), including the Internet of Things (IoT) and big data (BD), the concept of a smart city has been being realized in various aspects. This paper introduces the concept and definition of a smart city. Then it explains the ambient intelligence that supports a smart city. Moreover, it introduces several key components of a smart city.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- コンピュータ ネットワークおよび通信