Origin Recognition Complex (ORC) is a candidate initiator of chromosomal DNA replication in eukaryotes. We recently reported that cardiolipin inhibits the interaction of ORC with origin DNA, as is the case of DnaA, the initiator of chromosomal DNA replication in prokaryotes. We report here that another acidic phospholipid, phosphatidylglycerol (PG), also inhibits the interaction. Synthetic PG with only unsaturated fatty acids inhibits ORC-binding to origin DNA more strongly than PG with only saturated fatty acids. On the other hand, phosphatidylcholine (neutral phospholipid) does not affect the ORC-origin interaction, regardless of the presence of saturated or unsaturated fatty acids. These results suggest that an acidic moiety and unsaturated fatty acids are important factors for the inhibitory effect of phospholipids on ORC binding to origin DNA, as is the case for DnaA. The inhibitory effect of cardiolipin on ORC binding to origin DNA was more apparent at 30°C than at 4°C. Furthermore, chlorpromazine restored the ORC-origin interaction in the presence of cardiolipin. Since the presence of unsaturated fatty acids, low incubation temperatures, and the addition of chlorpromazine all decrease membrane fluidity, these results suggest that membrane fluidity is important for the inhibitory effect of acidic phospholipids on ORC-binding to origin DNA, as is the case for DnaA.
|ジャーナル||Journal of biochemistry|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2002 4月|
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