Neuroblastoma is the most common solid tumour of childhood, and it metastasizes to distant organs. However, the mechanism of metastasis, which generally depends on the cell motility of the neuroblastoma, remains unclear. In many solid tumours, it has been reported that shear stress promotes metastasis. Here, we investigated the relationship between shear stress and cell motility in the MYCN-amplified human neuroblastoma cell line IMR32, using a microfluidic device. We confirmed that most of the cells migrated downstream, and cell motility increased dramatically when the cells were exposed to a shear stress of 0.4 Pa, equivalent to that expected in vivo. We observed that the morphological features of focal adhesion were changed under a shear stress of 0.4 Pa. We also investigated the relationship between malignancy and the motility of IMR32 cells under shear stress. Decreasing the expression of MYCN in IMR32 cells via siRNA transfection inhibited cell motility by a shear stress of 0.4 Pa. These results suggest that MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma cells under high shear stress migrate to distant organs due to high cell motility, allowing cell migration to lymphatic vessels and venules.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering