Adenoviral GDNF gene transfer prevents motoneuron loss in the nucleus ambiguus

Koichiro Saito, Akihiro Shiotani, Kazuhiko Watabe, Kazuhisa Moro, Hiroyuki Fukuda, Kaoru Ogawa

研究成果: Article査読

33 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We examined neuroprotective effects of an adenoviral vector encoding glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (AxCAhGDNF) on the lesioned adult rat motoneurons in the nucleus ambiguus. After vagal nerve avulsion, AxCAhGDNF, AxCALacZ (adenovirus encoding β-galactosidase gene) or PBS was inoculated into the jugular foramen. Four days after the avulsion and treatment with AxCALacZ, the animals expressed β-galactosidase activity in the lesioned motoneurons in the nucleus ambiguus. The animals avulsed and inoculated with AxCAhGDNF showed immunolabeling for GDNF in the nucleus ambiguus on the treated side and expression of virus-induced human GDNF mRNA transcripts in the brainstem tissue that contained the nucleus ambiguus of the treated side. The treatment with AxCAhGDNF after avulsion prevented the loss of lesioned motoneurons in the nucleus ambiguus, ameliorated the choline acetyltransferase immunoreactivity, and also suppressed the activity of nitric oxide synthase in these neurons. These results indicate that adenovirus-mediated GDNF gene transfer may prevent the degeneration of motoneurons in humans after either vagal nerve injury or recurrent laryngeal nerve injury.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)61-67
ページ数7
ジャーナルBrain Research
962
1-2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2003 2月 7
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神経科学(全般)
  • 分子生物学
  • 臨床神経学
  • 発生生物学

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