Adhesion molecules. I: Keratinocyte-Keratinocyte interactions; cadherins and pemphigus

研究成果: Article査読

144 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

During the last few years, considerable progress has been made in our understanding of the structure and function of cadherins and of the pathophysiology of pemphigus. Cadherins are a multiple gene family of Ca++-dependent cell adhesion molecules with a typical single-spanning transmembrane structure. Cadherins have two major subfamilies, classic cadherin and desmosomal cadherin. Classic cadherins, including E-, P-, and N-cadherins, are characterized by a homophilic binding specificity. They localize at adherens junctions and mediate physiologic interaction with the involvement of cytoplasmic anchoring molecules, catenins, and the actin-based cytoskeleton network. Desmosomal cadherins, the desmocollins and desmogleins, localize at desmosomes and are linked to the intermediate keratin filaments network via plakoglobin and desmoplakin. Molecular cloning has demonstrated that the autoantigens of both pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus are members of the desmoglein subfamily of the cadherin supergene family. Thus, pemphigus is characterized as an anti-cadherin autoimmune disease. Furthermore, a baculovirus recombinant protein of pemphigus vulgaris antigen was capable of absorbing out the pathogenic autoantibodies from patients' sera, providing a possibility of antigen-specific therapeutic strategies for pemphigus.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)146-152
ページ数7
ジャーナルJournal of Investigative Dermatology
104
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1995
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 皮膚病学
  • 細胞生物学

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