The cell manipulation technique using thermoresponsive polymers is currently attracting much attention for applications in the medical field. To achieve arbitrary and accurate cell control, it is necessary to intensely research fibronectin behavior. A smart surface, which has thermoresponsive wettability and which can adsorb or desorb fibronectin repeatedly without the presence of cells, was fabricated by an electrospinning method. The fabricated coating changed its structure as the temperature was changed, and this transformation could substitute for the pulling force generated by the cytoskeletal contraction of cells. Moreover, a coated quartz crystal microbalance was able to detect the fibronectin behavior as frequency shifts, which could be used in the estimation of the mass shift with the aid of suitable equations. This coating and measurement system can contribute greatly not only to the development in the medical field centered on biomaterial manipulation technologies, but also to the improvement of medical instruments.
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