We present a case of advanced hypopharyngeal cancer occurring in a patient with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). A 58-year-old man diagnosed with ALS 2 years previously noticed a mass in his neck and dysphagia. We diagnosed him as having hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma with the left cervical lymph node metastases (T3N2bM0) and treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. During and after the treatment, his neurological symptoms showed no worse signs. The patient has been cancer-free for 13 months after concurrent chemoradiotherapy. The influence of ALS on the patients' quality of life (QOL) and/or prognosis had to be taken into consideration when determining an appropriate treatment for the hypopharyngeal cancer. To the best of our knowledge, this may be the first case with ALS who was treated for hypopharyngeal cancer.
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