Agarol, an ergosterol derivative from Agaricus blazei, induces caspase-independent apoptosis in human cancer cells

Takamitsu Shimizu, Junya Kawai, Kenji Ouchi, Haruhisa Kikuchi, Yoshiteru Osima, Rikiishi Hidemi

研究成果: Article査読

24 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Agaricus blazei (A. blazei) is a mushroom with many biological effects and active ingredients. We purified a tumoricidal substance from A. blazei, an ergosterol derivative, and named it 'Agarol'. Cytotoxic effects of Agarol were determined by the MTT assay using A549, MKN45, HSC-3, and HSC-4 human carcinoma cell lines treated with Agarol. Apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry analysis. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and mitochondria membrane potential (Δψm) were also determined by flow cytometry. Western blot analysis was used to quantify the expression of apoptosis-related proteins. Agarol predominantly induced apoptosis in two p53-wild cell lines (A549 and MKN45) compared to the other p53-mutant cell lines (HSC-3 and HSC-4). Further mechanistic studies revealed that induction of apoptosis is associated with increased generation of ROS, reduced Δψm, release of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) from the mitochondria to the cytosol, upregulation of Bax, and downregulation of Bcl-2. Caspase-3 activities did not increase, and z-VAD-fmk, a caspase inhibitor, did not inhibit the Agarol-induced apoptosis. These findings indicate that Agarol induces caspase-independent apoptosis in human carcinoma cells through a mitochondrial pathway. The in vivo anticancer activity of Agarol was confirmed in a xenograft murine model. This study suggests a molecular mechanism by which Agarol induces apoptosis in human carcinoma cells and indicates the potential use of Agarol as an anticancer agent.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1670-1678
ページ数9
ジャーナルInternational journal of oncology
48
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 4月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 腫瘍学
  • 癌研究

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