Age-Related Reduction of Contractile Responses to Urotensin II Is Seen in Aortas from Wistar Rats but Not from Type 2 Diabetic Goto-Kakizaki Rats

Takayuki Matsumoto, Shun Watanabe, Shota Kobayashi, Makoto Ando, Kumiko Taguchi, Tsuneo Kobayashi

研究成果: Article査読

5 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Vascular dysfunction is a common finding in type 2 diabetes, although the response to urotensin II (UII), a potent vasoconstrictor peptide, remains unclear. We investigated whether a UII-induced contraction was increased in the aortas from type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats at the chronic stage. At 36 or 37 weeks of age (older group), a UII-induced contraction was seen in GK rats and was reduced by a Rho kinase inhibitor or urotensin receptor (UT) antagonist, whereas UII failed to induce a contraction in aortas from age-matched Wistar rats. In UII-stimulated aortas, the expression of Rho kinases, Rho A, and phosphorylated myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 did not change between the two groups; however, phosphorylation of extracellular-regulated kinase 1/2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) was greater in GK than in Wistar rats. Compared to intact aortas, UII-induced contractions were slightly, but not significantly, increased by endothelial denudation of the aortas of Wistar rats at 24 weeks of age. At 6 weeks of age (young group), the UII-induced contractions were seen in GK and Wistar groups. The total expression and the membrane-to-cytosol ratio of the UT protein slightly decreased in Wistar aortas with aging but not in GK aortas. These results demonstrate that the UII-induced contraction gradually decreased with aging in Wistar rats and was preserved in type 2 diabetes. Although alterations of UII-induced contractions during aging and type 2 diabetes may be associated with kinase activities (MAPKs or Rho kinase) or receptor profiles, further investigations are necessary to clarify the mechanisms.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)134-145
ページ数12
ジャーナルRejuvenation Research
20
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 4月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 加齢科学
  • 老年医学

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