Aging enhances susceptibility to cigarette smoke-induced inflammation through bronchiolar chemokines

Chinatsu Moriyama, Tomoko Betsuyaku, Yoko Ito, Ichiro Hamamura, Junko Hata, Hiroshi Takahashi, Yasuyuki Nasuhara, Masaharu Nishimura

研究成果: Article査読

27 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Cigarette smoking and aging are major risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. An unsolved question is whether elderly lungs are particularly vulnerable to cigarette smoke (CS) exposure. In this study,we used amousemodel to test the hypothesis that aging increases the susceptibility to CS-induced pulmonary inflammation. We subjected 9-week-old and 69-week-old C57BL/6J mice to CS (whole-body exposure, 90 min/d), and evaluated neutrophil infiltration in the lungs, the levels of keratinocyte-derived chemokine (KC) and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-2 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and mRNA expression in bronchiolar epithelium retrieved by laser capture microdissection. The 69-weekold mice showed a greater number of neutrophils and higher levels of bronchiolar KCand MIP-2 expression than 9-week-old mice after 9 days of CS exposure. Furthermore, single CS exposure induced the rapid up-regulation of KC and MIP-2 in bronchiolar epithelium in both 9-week-old and 69-week-old mice, and the much higher levels in 69-week-old mice were associated with greater nuclear translocation of NF-κB. In contrast, no age-related differences were observed in the bronchiolar expression of NF-E2-related factor 2-regulated antioxidant and detoxification genes, heme oxygenase-1, reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate quinone reductase 1, and glutamate-cysteine ligase, modifier unit, or antioxidant activity in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, regardless of CS exposure. In summary, aging increases susceptibility to CS-induced inflammation in a mouse model, and robust mRNA up-regulation and nuclear translocation of NF-κB in bronchiolar epithelium may be involved.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)304-311
ページ数8
ジャーナルAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
42
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 3月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 分子生物学
  • 呼吸器内科
  • 臨床生化学
  • 細胞生物学

フィンガープリント

「Aging enhances susceptibility to cigarette smoke-induced inflammation through bronchiolar chemokines」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル