Alcoholism, aldh2*2 allele and the a1 allele of the dopamine D2 receptor gene: An association study

S. Matsushita, T. Muramatsu, M. Murayama, J. Nakane, S. Higuchi

研究成果: Article査読

21 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The inactive form of aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) is regarded as a protective factor against the development of alcoholism, and alcoholics with inactive ALDH2 are considered to be relatively homogeneous. This examination of a possible allelic association of the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) gene TaqI A polymorphism failed to detect significant differences between 583 Japanese alcoholics and 295 unrelated Japanese controls, or between alcoholic subjects with different ALDH2 genotypes. Despite the significantly higher frequency of the DRD2 A1 allele in the 207 alcoholics with inactive ALDH2 than in the 376 alcoholics with active ALDH2, multiple logistic regression analysis (controlled for the ALDH2 genotype) revealed no association between the TaqI A polymorphism and alcoholism. Nor did the frequency of the DRD2 TaqI A polymorphism differ in alcoholic subjects grouped by several pertinent clinical characteristics, including severity of alcoholism. Although there remains a possibility that the DRD2 TaqI A polymorphism plays some role in modifying the phenotype of the disease, these results suggest that neither the A1 allele nor the homozygous A1 genotype is associated with alcoholism.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)19-26
ページ数8
ジャーナルPsychiatry Research
104
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2001 10月 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 精神医学および精神衛生
  • 生物学的精神医学

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