Binding of cAMP to the regulatory subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) is an essential step for cAMP-mediated signal transduction including phosphorylation of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB). In the present study, binding activity of PKA with cAMP and CREB phosphorylation were examined in rat focal brain ischemia induced by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery for 1.5 hours followed by various time of recirculation. Binding activity of PKA with cAMP was progressively inhibited during the acute phase of ischemia from the ischemic core to peri-ischemia area. Phosphorylated CREB-positive cells in the ischemic core revealed a significant, but transient increase in number at 3.5 hours of recirculation, followed by a rapid decrease below the control level during the subsequent period. On the other hand, in the peri-ischemia area, the number of phosphorylated CREB-positive cells showed a more marked increase as compared to that in the ischemic core, and the increase continued until 48 hours of recirculation with a tendency for gradual decline. Persistent enhancement of CREB phosphorylation may thus be closely related to the neuronal viability and neuroprotective mechanisms, whereas rapid disappearance of CREB phosphorylation following ischemic insult may clearly precede neuronal death.
|出版ステータス||Published - 1999 12月 1|
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