Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) interaction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases. To clarify the involvement of Fas/FasL in the pathogenesis of intestinal inflammation, we investigated the preventive and therapeutic effects of neutralizing anti-FasL monoclonal antibody (MAb) on the development of chronic colitis induced by adaptive transfer of CD4+CD45RB high T cells to SCID mice. Administration of anti-FasL MAb from 1 day after T cell transfer (prevention study) resulted in a significant improvement of clinical manifestations such as wasting and diarrhea. However, histological examination showed that mucosal inflammation in the colon, such as infiltration of T cells and macrophages, was not improved by the anti-FasL MAb treatment. In vitro studies showed that anti-FasL MAb did not inhibit IFN-γ production by anti-CD3/CD28-stimulated lamina propria CD4 + T cells but suppressed TNF-α and IL-1β production by lamina propria mononuclear cells. Therapeutic administration of anti-FasL MAb from 3 wk after T cell transfer also improved ongoing wasting disease but not intestinal inflammation. These results suggest that the Fas/FasL interaction plays a critical role in regulating systemic wasting disease but not local intestinal inflammation.
|ジャーナル||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2003 10月 1|
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