An updated version of our all-silicon quantum computing scheme [T.D. Ladd, J.R. Goldman, F. Yamaguchi, Y. Yamamoto, E. Abe, K.M. Itoh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 (2002) 017901. ] and the experimental progress towards its realization are discussed. We emphasize the importance of revisiting a wide range of isotope effects which have been explored over the past several decades for the construction of solid-state silicon quantum computers. Using RF decoupling techniques [T.D. Ladd, D. Maryenko, Y. Yamamoto, E. Abe, K.M. Itoh, Phys. Rev. B. 71 (2005) 014401] phase decoherence times T2=25 s of 29Si nuclear spins in single-crystal Si have been obtained at room temperature. We show that a linear chain of 29Si stable isotopes with nuclear spin I=1/2 embedded in a spin free 28Si stable isotope matrix can form an ideal building block for solid-state quantum information processors, especially, in the form of a quantum memory which requires a large number of operations within T2 for the continuous error correction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)