Background: The detailed neuropathological features of patients with autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegia with a thin corpus callosum (TCC) and SPG11 mutations are poorly understood, as only a few autopsies have been reported. Herein, we describe the clinicopathological findings of a patient with this disease who received long-term care at our medical facility. Case presentation: A Japanese man exhibited a mild developmental delay in early childhood and intellectual disability, followed by the appearance of a spastic gait by age 13. At the age of 25 years, he became bedridden and needed a ventilator. Genetic analysis revealed a homozygous splice site variant in the SPG11 gene (c. 4162–2A > G) after the provision of genetic counselling and acquisition of informed consent from his parents. He died of pneumonia at the age of 44. His brain weighed 967 g and was characterized by a TCC, and his spinal cord was flattened. Microscopically, degeneration was observed in the posterior spinocerebellar tract, the gracile fasciculus, and the posterior column in addition to the corticospinal tract. Marked neuronal loss and gliosis were observed in the anterior horn, Clarke’s column, and hypoglossal and facial nuclei. Various types of neurons, in addition to motor neurons, showed coarse eosinophilic granules that were immunoreactive for p62. The loss of pigmented neurons with gliosis was apparent in both the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus. Lateral geniculate body degeneration was a characteristic feature of this patient. Furthermore, peripheral Lewy body-related α-synucleinopathy and scattered α-synuclein–immunoreactive neurites in the locus coeruleus and reticular formation of the brainstem were observed. Conclusions: In patients with hereditary spastic paraplegia with SPG11 mutations, a variety of clinical phenotypes develop due to widespread lesions containing p62-immunoreactive neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions. We herein report the lateral geniculate body as another degenerative site related to SPG11-related pathologies that should be studied in future investigations.
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