Background: The anterior transpetrosal approach (ATPA) is applied to petroclival and brainstem lesions. Although neurosurgeons need to minimize the risk of neurologic complications, brain retraction is necessary for procedures of ATPA. Bridging veins (BVs) limit mobility of the temporal lobe. In the present study, BVs around the petrous bone were analyzed, focusing on the dural entrance and termination points. Methods: The relationship between subdural and meningeal segments of temporobasal veins (TBVs) was analyzed by preoperative computed tomography venography in 102 patients who underwent ATPA. TBVs were classified by the dural entrance and termination points. Results: TBVs mainly entered the transverse sinus and rarely entered transverse-sigmoid sinus (T-S) junction and superior petrosal sinus (SPS). TBVs entered a dural sinus either directly or indirectly through a meningeal vein. The changes in vascular diameter of the lumen, shape, and course were identified between the subdural and meningeal segments. Generally, BVs with long subdural segment do not limit mobility of the temporal lobe. TBVs draining into the T-S junction and SPS tended to be shorter than those draining into the transverse sinus. Furthermore, a few TBVs indirectly entered the dural sinuses through the meningeal vein (early dural entrance). The subdural segment of these TBVs was much shorter. Conclusions: TBVs entering the T-S junction or SPS with short subdural segment may limit the mobility of the temporal lobe. Changes in vascular diameter, shape, and course were detected by computed tomography venography, which was helpful to detect the subdural-meningeal transition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology