Nitrate contamination in groundwater requires efficient remediation to prevent adverse environmental impacts. This study illustrates the improvement in nitrate reduction process using copper modified BDD (Cu-BDD) with higher stability after annealing treatment. The highest values for nitrate reduction and the selectivity of nitrogen gas were about 71% and 45%, respectively, which were obtained using annealed Cu-BDD electrode. Annealing process promoted the homogeneity of copper oxides that consolidated the electrodeposited copper oxides on the surface of Cu-BDD to enhance the stability of electrode. Meanwhile, annealed Cu-BDD exhibited higher conductivity to facilitate nitrate reduction initiating at a more positive potential. Furthermore, cuprous ions and metallic Cu were formed during the annealing treatment, and had active chemical reaction with nitrate and excellent catalytic capability for the reaction, which efficiently enhanced either the nitrate reduction efficiency or the selectivity of nitrogen gas. The findings advance the current understanding on the enhancement of electrochemical stability and nitrate reduction performance using Cu-BDD after the annealing treatment, and also offer a promising technology for remediation of nitrate-contaminated groundwater.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)