Antibiotic prophylaxis in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A meta-analysis ofrandomized controlled trials

Shun ichi Kimura, Yu Akahoshi, Hirofumi Nakano, Tomotaka Ugai, Hidenori Wada, Ryoko Yamasaki, Yuko Ishihara, Koji Kawamura, Kana Sakamoto, Masahiro Ashizawa, Miki Sato, Kiriko Terasako-Saito, Hideki Nakasone, Misato Kikuchi, Rie Yamazaki, Shinichi Kako, Junya Kanda, Aki Tanihara, Junji Nishida, Yoshinobu Kanda

研究成果: Review article査読

35 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Objectives: We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of systemic antibiotic prophylaxis in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients. Methods: We collected reports from PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Web of Science, along with references cited therein. We included prospective, randomized studies on systemic antibiotic prophylaxis in HSCT recipients. Results: Seventeen trials with 1453 autologous and allogeneic HSCT recipients were included. Systemic antibiotic prophylaxis was compared with placebo or no prophylaxis in 10 trials and with non-absorbable antibiotics in two trials. Systemic antibiotics other than fluoroquinolones were evaluated in five of these 12 trials. Four trials evaluated the effect of the addition of antibiotics for gram-positive bacteria to fluoroquinolones. One trial compared two different systemic antibiotic regimens: fluoroquinolones versus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. As a result, systemic antibiotic prophylaxis reduced the incidence of febrile episodes (OR 0.16; 95%CI 0.09-0.30), clinically or microbiologically documented infection (OR 0.38; 95%CI 0.22-0.63) and bacteremia (OR 0.31; 95%CI 0.16-0.59) without significantly affecting all-cause mortality or infection-related mortality. Conclusions: Systemic antibiotic prophylaxis successfully reduced the incidence of infection. However, there was no significant impact on mortality. The clinical benefits of prophylaxis with fluoroquinolones were inconclusive because of the small number of clinical trials evaluated.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)13-25
ページ数13
ジャーナルJournal of Infection
69
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 7
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 微生物学(医療)
  • 感染症

フィンガープリント

「Antibiotic prophylaxis in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A meta-analysis ofrandomized controlled trials」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル