Appearance of tumorous phenotypes in goldfish erythrophores transfected with ras, src, and myc oncogenes and spontaneous differentiation of the transformants in vitro

Jiro Matsumoto, Toyoko Akiyama, Nobuo Nemoto, Prince Masahito, Takatoshi Ishikawa

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

When goldfish erythrophores isolated from the skin by tissue digestion and centrifugation in a Percoll density gradient were transfected in a monolayer-culture with v-Ha-ras or v-src oncogene either singly or in combination with v-myc by means of calcium phosphate-DNA co-precipitation, there appeared a certain number of transformants manifesting a chromatoblast-like profile and tumorous phenotypes as seen in the capability for unlimited growth, and piling-up in a monolayer-culture or colony formation in semi-solid soft agar. After successive growth in vitro for longer than one month which was scarcely observed with the erythrophores, the vast majority of such transformants began to differentiate into erythrophores and ceased proliferation spontaneously. The onset of their differentiation was ascertained by the deposition of marker pteridine pigments. None of the transformants differentiated into melanophores or iridophores or other neural crest derivatives as seen in goldfish erythrophoroma cells. Little difference was observed in their transforming efficiency (0.2-0.3 transformants/μg DNA) between the combinations of oncogenes applied but a tendency was noted that cells transfected with ras or src in combination with myc developed the capacity to grow for a longer period and differentiated at a later stage than those transfected solely with ras or src. One cell line (ESM-1) derived from the erythrophores transfected with src/myc grew successively over nine months, indicating its acquisition of immortality. The expression of the transfected oncogenes in this cell line was examined in comparison with the erythrophoroma cells by Western and Northern blot analyses.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)S214-S221
ジャーナルJournal of Investigative Dermatology
100
2 SUPPL.
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1993 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

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