A confined jet flow involving glass particles was examined to clarify fundamental aspects of the turbulence structure of two‐phase flow. Spherical glass particles of mean diameter 62.4 m̈m were loaded in a primary jet at a mass loading ratio of 0.3. The primary jet diameter was 13 mm and exit velocities at the centre line were set at 20 and 30 m/s. The confined pipe diameter was 60 mm and velocities were set at 10 and 15 m/s. The particle and gas flow characteristics, such as local mean velocities, their fluctuations and size distribution, are discussed for three flow conditions which were obtained by changing the velocities of primary and secondary flows. Laser Doppler anemometry was applied to measure the flows of both particles and tracer, discriminated by scattering light intensity, and the precise particle size, for examining the dependence of particle size on the flow, by phase Doppler anemometry. The signal processing of the phase Doppler anemometer was based on a fast Fourier transform method to detect not only Doppler frequency for velocity but also the phase shift of Doppler signals for particle sizing. The processing system consisted of conventional fast analogue to digital converters, multi‐digital signal processor units and a host microcomputer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)