Assessment of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI for HCC and dysplastic nodules and comparison of detection sensitivity versus MDCT

Tatsuo Inoue, Masatoshi Kudo, Mina Komuta, Sosuke Hayaishi, Taisuke Ueda, Masahiro Takita, Satoshi Kitai, Kinuyo Hatanaka, Norihisa Yada, Satoru Hagiwara, Hobyung Chung, Toshiharu Sakurai, Kazuomi Ueshima, Michiie Sakamoto, Osamu Maenishi, Tomoko Hyodo, Masahiro Okada, Seishi Kumano, Takamichi Murakami

研究成果: Article査読

69 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background We aimed to evaluate gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)- enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the detection of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) and dysplastic nodules (DNs) compared with dynamic multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT), and to discriminate between HCCs and DNs. Methods Eighty-six nodules diagnosed as HCC or DNs were retrospectively investigated. Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and dynamic MDCT were compared with respect to their diagnostic ability for hypervascular HCCs and detection sensitivity for hypovascular tumors. The ability of hepatobiliary images of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI to discriminate between these noduleswas assessed.Wealso calculated the EOB enhancement ratio of the tumors. Results For hypervascular HCCs, the diagnostic ability of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI was significantly higher than that of MDCT for tumors less than 2 cm (p = 0.048). There was no difference in the detection of hypervascular HCCs between hepatobiliary phase images of Gd-EOBDTPA- enhanced MRI (43/45: 96%) and dynamic MDCT (40/45: 89%), whereas the detection sensitivity of hypovascular tumors by Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI was significantly higher than that by dynamic MDCT (39/41: 95% vs. 25/41: 61%, p = 0.001). EOB enhancement ratios were decreased in parallel with the degree of differentiation in DNs and HCCs, although there was no difference between DNs and hypovascular well-differentiated HCCs. Conclusion The diagnostic ability of Gd-EOB-DTPAenhanced MRI for hypervascular HCCs less than 2 cm was significantly higher than that of MDCT. For hypovascular tumors, the detection sensitivity of hepatobiliary phase images of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI was significantly higher than that of dynamic Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and dynamic MDCT. It was difficult to distinguish between DNs and hypovascular well-differentiated HCCs based on the EOB enhancement ratio.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1036-1047
ページ数12
ジャーナルJournal of gastroenterology
47
9
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2012 9月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 消化器病学

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