The translocation of indigenous bacteria from the gastrointestinal tract to the mesenteric lymphnodes was compared in ten strains of mice. Indigenous Escherichia coli were cultured from the mesenteric lymphnodes of only two of the six mouse strains examined. Thus, spontaneous translocation of indigenous enteric bacteria across the intestinal barrier did not occur to any significant extent in any of the mouse strains examined. Since bacterial overgrowth in the gastrointestinal tract promotes bacterial translocation, bacterial translocation was tested in ten mouse strains including B10 series after antibiotic-decontaminated and subsequent colonization with streptomycin-resistant E. coli C25. E. coli C25 populated the ceca of the mice at levels of 10(8) to 10(9) per gram and translocated to 90-100% of the mesenteric lymphnodes with mean of 10(1.13) to 10(1.86) per mesenteric lymphnode. However, there were no significant differences between mouse strains as to the translocation incidence or the numbers of viable E. coli C25 per mesenteric lymphnode. Thus, genetic differences between mouse strains did not influence bacterial translocation from the gastrointestinal tract to the mesenteric lymphnodes.
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