The aim of this study was to elucidate the association between the bone structure at implant insertion sites and stress distribution around the mandibular canal by means of three-dimensional finite element (3D FE) analysis. Four FE models were created with slice data using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), and 3D FE analysis was performed. Mechanical analysis showed that the load reached the mandibular canal via the trabecular structure in all FE models. High levels of stress were generated around the mandibular canal when the distance between the mandibular canal and the implant decreased. High stress levels were also observed when cortical bone thickness and bone volume/total volume (BV/TV) were low. Our findings suggest that load is transmitted to the mandibular canal regardless of differences in the thickness of cortical bone or cancellous bone structure, but excessive load may be generated in bone with thin cortical and coarse cancellous structures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites