We assessed whether subitem scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) associated independently with cerebral white matter hyperintensity (WMH) and lacunar infarction (LI). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neuropsychological evaluation (MMSE) were performed in 1008 elderly individuals from the Ohasama Study (348 men, 660 women [65.5%]; age 68.0 ± 6.0 [mean ± SD] years; MMSE score, 26.5 ± 2.9). The relationships between MRI findings and MMSE subitem scores were analyzed by logistic regression. Significant associations were observed between the MMSE subitems "Orientation to place" and WMH, and "Copy a figure" and LI. Pathological changes were detected by brain MRI associated with a decrease in cognitive function in healthy elderly individuals.
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