Atomic Carbon in the Central Molecular Zone of the Milky Way: Possible Cosmic-Ray Induced Chemistry or Time-dependent Chemistry Associated with SNR Sagittarius A East

Kunihiko Tanaka, Makoto Nagai, Kazuhisa Kamegai

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Atomic carbon (C0), being one of the most abundant atomic/molecular species observed in dense molecular gas, is potentially a good tracer of molecular gas mass in many chemical/physical environments, though the variation in C0 abundance outside the Galactic disk region is not yet fully known. This paper presents a wide-field 500 GHz [C i] map of the Galactic central molecular zone (CMZ) obtained with the ASTE 10 m telescope. Principal component analysis and non-LTE multi-transition analysis have shown that [C i] emission predominantly originates from the low-excitation gas component with a temperature of 20-50 K and density of ∼103 cm-3, whereas C0 abundance is likely suppressed in the high-excitation gas component. The average N(C0)/N(CO) abundance ratio in the CMZ is 0.3-0.4, which is 2-3 times that in the Galactic disk. The N(C0)/N(CO) ratio increases to 0.7 in the innermost 10 pc region and to ∼2 in the circumnuclear disk. We discovered C0-rich regions distributed in a ring shape encircling the supernova remnant (SNR) Sgr A East, indicating that the C0 enrichment in the central 10 pc region is a consequence of a molecular cloud-SNR interaction. In the 15 atoms/molecules included in principal component analysis, CN is the only other species that increases in the [C i]-bright ring. The origin of the [C i]-bright ring is likely a cosmic-ray-dominated region created by low-energy cosmic-ray particles accelerated by Sgr A East or primitive molecular gas collected by the SNR in which the conversion from C0 to CO has not reached equilibrium.

本文言語English
論文番号79
ジャーナルAstrophysical Journal
915
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 7 10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 天文学と天体物理学
  • 宇宙惑星科学

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